AR400 Steel VS AR500 Steel

Understanding Abrasion Resistant Steel,Choosing the Right Option for Your Project,Abrasion Resistant (AR) steel is one of the most popular products offered by Steel Friend. With a variety of options available, determining the best choice for your specific project can be a bit daunting. While consulting a Steel Friend representative is the easiest way to make a decision, understanding the basics of AR steel and its differences can also guide you effectively.

What is AR Steel Plate?

AR Steel Plate

Before delving into the differences between the most popular grades of abrasion-resistant steel, let's first understand what AR steel plate is. Abrasion-resistant steel plate is a high-carbon alloy steel known for its formability, weather resistance, and enhanced hardness due to added carbon and alloys. These properties make AR steel ideal for projects where the material is subjected to significant wear and tear or abrasions.

Key Properties of AR Steel:

  • High Carbon Content: Increases hardness when heat-treated.
  • Alloy Additions: Enhance formability and weather resistance.
  • Durability: Suitable for high-wear environments.

ARxxx What Do They Mean?

ar400 vs ar500

You might have noticed numbers following the AR designation, such as AR400, AR450, and AR500. These numbers refer to the hardness range of the steel, measured on the Brinell scale. The Brinell Hardness Number (BHN) quantifies the size of the indentation left by a steel ball under a specific force. Typically, a 10 mm hardened steel ball with a force of 3,000 kgf is used to create the indentation, and a calibrated scope measures the indentation's size.

Understanding BHN:

  • AR400: 360 - 440 BHN
  • AR450: 425 - 475 BHN
  • AR500: 477 - 550 BHN

AR400 Steel: Balancing Impact and Abrasion Resistance

AR400 steel plate is known for its hardness range of 360 BHN to 440 BHN, making it suitable for a wide range of applications. This steel is particularly effective in conditions where impact resistance is more crucial than abrasion resistance.

Applications of AR400 Steel:

  • Impact Resistance: Ideal for projects involving high impacts.
  • Versatility: Used in construction, mining, and material handling.

AR500 Steel: Maximizing Abrasion Resistance

AR500 steel plate shares chemical similarities with AR400 but has a higher hardness range due to increased carbon and manganese content. This composition allows AR500 to achieve a surface hardness between 477 BHN and 550 BHN.

Applications of AR500 Steel:

  • Abrasion Resistance: Suitable for environments with high wear.
  • Durability: Extended lifespan in abrasive conditions.

Key Differences: Impact vs. Abrasion Resistance

The primary difference between AR400 and AR500 steel plates lies in their resistance to impact and abrasion. AR400 offers superior impact resistance, while AR500 excels in abrasion resistance. To illustrate this, let's consider a real-world scenario involving a rock quarry.

Case Study: Rock Quarry Equipment

Scenario 1: Dump Truck Bed Liners

Dump Truck Bed Liners

At a rock quarry, the dump truck beds are lined with removable bed liners. These liners endure significant impact when rocks are dropped into the bed. For this situation, AR400 steel is the optimal choice due to its ability to withstand high impacts without cracking or shattering.

Scenario 2: Conveyor System and Chute Liners

Conveyor System and Chute Liners

Once the rocks are in the dump truck bed, they are transported and dumped into a conveyor system for sorting and sizing in a rock crusher. Post-crushing, the rocks slide into a chute. In this scenario, AR500 steel is preferable because it handles the abrasion caused by the sliding rocks better than AR400, thus ensuring a longer lifespan for the chute liner.

Detailed Comparison: AR400 vs. AR500 Steel

To provide a clearer comparison, let's examine the key characteristics and typical applications of AR400 and AR500 steel in a tabular format:

Property/FeatureAR400 SteelAR500 Steel
Brinell Hardness (BHN)360 - 440477 - 550
Impact ResistanceHigherLower
Abrasion ResistanceLowerHigher
Carbon ContentModerateHigh
Manganese ContentModerateHigh
Typical ApplicationsDump truck bed liners,Chute liners,
 construction equipment,mining equipment,
 material handlingshot blasting machines

Choosing the Right AR Steel for Your Project

Selecting the appropriate AR steel depends on the specific needs of your project. If your project involves high impact and less concern for abrasion, AR400 is the better choice. Conversely, if your project faces significant abrasion with less impact, AR500 should be your go-to option. Consulting with a Steel Friend representative can further ensure you make the right decision for your specific requirements.

Understanding the differences between AR400 and AR500 steel plates can significantly impact the success and longevity of your projects. By considering factors like impact and abrasion resistance, as well as the specific applications of each steel type, you can make an informed choice that meets your needs.


Enter your inquiry details and we will reply to you within 24 hours.